Creative Cities


Creative cities attract and retain creative people, who in turn help the city's economy to be innovative and adaptive to changing global economic conditions.

Creative cities embrace cultural diversity and experimentation. Their social climate encourages people to express ideas without fear of censure, to try ideas out in practice, to fail and try again.

Creative cities should do more than simply attract people who are already creative. They should enable people to become creative, and to engage in innovation and economic transformation - needed for the transition to a more ecological sustainable global economy.


Rise of the Creative Class. Richard Florida. Washington Monthly, 2002.5 - Creating a social environment supportive to creative minds is good for the economic prosperity of cities and companies. Places that succeed in attracting and retaining creative class people prosper. Those that fail don't. Creative people are attracted by cities that are tolerant, culturally diverse, and open to creativity. Creative people value individuality, difference, and merit.

Montreal: City of the Super Cool. Kristian Gravenor. Montreal Mirror. 2005.2 - Montreal's low cost of housing, liberal attitudes, preservation of history, and innovative artistic culture, has made it a hub for creative minds (bohemians, gays, artists, high-tech workers and other non-conformists), who will lead the creative economy to knock at its doors.

Geeks and Rockers - Canaries of the New Economy. Sohodojo - Would you suspect that a city's subculture of artists, geeks, gays, and rockers are key indicators of local economic development potential? Or would you put your money on measures of corporate relocations and industrial infrastructure development? If you placed your bet on the geeks and rockers, you'd be making a smart decision according to Richard Florida's latest book.

Raleigh-Durham: Artists, Geeks and Rock Bands. Fiona Morgan, Independent Weekly (North Carolina), 2002.9.18 - The Raleigh-Durham (Triangle) region in North Carolina has attracted many members of the "creative class" due to its cultural diversity and its strong university and research sectors, making it ripe for high-tech expansion. Still needed: downtown rejuvenation, civic involvement, and an end to sprawl.

Creative Cities. Creative Tampa - "Cities and regions that attract lots of creative talent are also those with greater diversity and higher levels of quality of place." (Richard Florida, Rise of the Creative Class) "Societies and institutions that cherish stability and eschew change are at a disadvantage in economic competition." (Joe Cortright, The Economics of Being Different)

Creative Communities: Ten Principles. Creative Tampa - Creativity is fundamental to being human and is a critical resource to individual, community and economic life. Creative communities are vibrant, humanizing places, nurturing personal growth, sparking cultural and technological breakthroughs, producing jobs and wealth, and accepting a variety of life styles and culture.

Quiz: How creative is your company? Information Week - Creative companies are a joy to work for. They also tend to be top performers, year in and year out - because they understand the economic value of creativity. They work hard to cultivate it. Where does your firm stand? Take the Quiz.

Creative Spaces: The Melting Pot. Creative Connections (UK) - The Melting Pot is an office-cafe hybrid in Edinburgh, where people can meet, use office facilities, or rent a temporary or permanent workspace. Does your city have an office-cafe hybrid?

Rethinking Adelaide. Charles Landry. Adelaide Thinkers in Residence. 2003.12 - In a globalising world where every place begins to feel and look the same, cultural products and activities can mark out one place from the next. Distinctiveness creates competitive advantage.

Creative Cities. Charles Landry. ABC - Nexus. 2004.7.9 - How can we build a creative city? Use imagination to make a city feel different. Create alternative hubs with different types of atmosphere. Balance vibrancy and calmness. Apply strong environmental standards for business. Make the car work for you rather than the car dominating everything.

Charles Landry: Manifesto for Creativity. Axel Bruns. Snurblog. 2005.10.1 - Creative city strategies should embrace all parts of a city's life. Not just enhancing the arts, but encouraging openess and tolerance. A creative city is an environment where we can think, plan, and act with imagination - where ordinary people can act in extraordinary ways. Creative places are not comfortable places. Creativity happens at the edges. It involves thinking at the edge of competence; pushing boundaries; the collision of old and new; cross-questioning; cross-fertilisation.

The Curse of the Creative Class. Steven Malanga. City Journal. 2004.Winter - Against Richard Florida: A Money magazine poll rating dozens of factors that people consider in choosing a place to live found that the top ten reasons fell into two broad categories: low costs (including low property and sales taxes) and basic quality-of-life issues (good schools, low crime, clean air and water). By contrast, such Florida-esque issues as diversity ranked 22nd on the list, while cultural amenities like theaters and museums ranked 27th and lower, and outdoor activities even lower.


Charles Landry


Creative Class Group

Creative Clusters